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PozycjaBezpieczeństwo. Teoria i Praktyka 2022, nr 4 (XLIX): Stress in uniformed services(Oficyna Wydawnicza AFM, 2022) Ostrowska, Monika; Mazur, Sławomir; Janik, Krzysztof; Skowroński, Andrzej; Podlasiński, Cezary; Gut, Jerzy; Niedziela, Kamil; Mihalčová, Bohuslava; Pružinský, Michal; Osmólska, Iwona; Pruchniak, Józef; Stojecka-Zuber, Renata; Nowak, Zbigniew; Nagody-Mrozowicz, Kazimierz; Mrozowicz, Konstanty; Wojtycza, JanuszIntroduction: "The term stress has become very popular in recent years. Although widely used, it is still ambiguous. It is applied when referring to uncommon, traumatic events, but also with regard to everyday life situations and related experiences. The concept of stress is derived from the works of physiologist Walter Cannon and endocrinologist Hans Selye and concerns primarily biological stress considered in terms of reactions to present stimuli. Any symptoms of maladjustment or lack of adaptation are treated as indicators of stress. Cannon used the term stress to describe the ‘fight or flight’ response triggered to restore the disturbed balance of the body as a result of the activity of disruptive stimuli."(...) PozycjaCombat stress within the Polish Armed Forces(Oficyna Wydawnicza AFM, 2022) Ostrowska, Monika; Podlasiński, CezaryThe military forces usually conjure up the image of soldiers who serve in a given country, or those who carry out their duties in peacekeeping missions. They are frequently in the spotlight during their stay in the area of their operations and the performance of their duties. The memories of them and of any of the possible problems that they may encounter usually fade away once they have gone back to their country, or once they have returned to their parent unit. Interestingly, this rule also applies to other members of the military personnel. Service in the army, which frequently implies exposure to atrocities and ongoing hostilities, undoubtedly leaves its mark on people’s physical and mental health, and it can also have a major impact on the lives of professional soldiers and their families. Paradoxically, the level of stress experienced increases as the sense of a real threat goes down. Being a soldier is one of those professions in which exposure to stress is high, and there is a major risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), especially in those members of the armed forces who have taken part in foreign missions. This paper looks at the historical background of the phenomenon, its symptoms, its methods of diagnosis, as well as the entire system of monitoring, supporting and treating post-traumatic stress in the Polish Armed Forces. Such a study has been possible thanks to a thorough analysis of the applicable pieces of legislation, backed by an insight into a series guidelines, orders and dispositions given at all levels of command and supervision in the army.