Resolvin D2 plays a protective role in RAW 264.7 Cells treated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
Gdula-Argasińska, Joanna; Woźniakiewicz, Aneta; Woźniakiewicz, Michał; Lipkowska, Anna; Olbert, Magdalena; Grzywacz, Agata; Sałat, Kinga; Podkowa, Adrian; Librowski, Tadeusz
- Issue date
Polish Academy of Sciences – Cracow Branch
ACTA BIOLOGICA CRACOVIENSIA Series Zoologia 2015, nr 57, s. 61–67.
- Resolvin D2; macrophage RAW 264.7; polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; isoprostanes; FP receptor; COX-2
Eicosanoids are signaling molecules that control the immune processes and might have effects on inflammatory diseases. The aim of our study was to evaluate the effect of added resolvin D2 (RvD2), after treatment with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), on RAW 264.7 cells by using a UHPLC/MS-TOF method for the quantification of eicosanoids: 8-iPGF3α, PGF3α, 8-isoPGF2α, PGF2α and 5-iPF2α as well as cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2), prostaglandin E synthase (cPGES) and prostaglandin F2α (FP) receptor protein expression by Western blot. The levels of PGF3α, PGF2α 8-iPGF3α 8-isoPGF2α and 5-iPF2α were decreased in RAW 264.7 cells after the exposure to PAHs and treatment with RvD2. It was observed that COX-2, cPGES and FP-receptor expression was decreased after co-treatment of the cells with PAHs and RvD2. Our findings suggest that RvD2 has anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and pro-resolving properties that may contribute significantly to alleviation of the harmful effects caused by PAHs in macrophages. Moreover, these results suggest that a diet rich in n-3 fatty acids might be helpful in resolving the inflammation and mitigating the effects of environmental stress in macrophages.
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